Cerebrovascular disorders include lesions that may cause bleeding in the brain such as cerebral aneurysms and vascular malformations, as well as cerebrovascular occlusive disease- e.g. carotid artery stenosis, vertebral artery origin stenosis, or Moya-Moya disease- that may predispose a patient to stroke. Other vascular conditions may affect quality of life, such as transverse-sigmoid dural arteriovenous fistulas that are an important cause of pulsatile tinnitus. Significantly, many cerebrovascular disorders are best treated via a catheter (“endovascular surgery”) without the need for a skin incision or invasive surgical procedure, and others such as AVM may often be treated with radiosurgery.
Cerebrovascular diseases and disorders include: